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  • Soil Classification in Excavation for Measurement and Payment

    Mar 20, 2014  a) Ordinary soils These includes all kinds of soils containing kankar, sand, silt, hard and soft murrum and/or shingle, gravel, clay, loam, peat, ash, shale, etc, which can generally be excavated by spade, pick axes and shovel, and which is not classified under "soft and decomposed" and "hard

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  • Excavation Ordinary Hard Soil

    46 Excavation in ordinary soil means excavation in ordinary hard soil including stiff heavy clay, hard shale, or compact murum, or any material, which can be removed Read more Mesh type earthing as per earthing philosophy at 66kv

  • CHAPTER 4 EXCAVATION AND EARTHWORK

    (a) Soft or ordinary soil: Generally any soil which yields to the ordinary application of pick and shovel, or to spade, rake or other digging implement, such as vegetable or organic soil, turf, gravel, sand, silt, loam, clay, peat, etc (b) Hard soil: Includes all materials which can be removed with shovel or

  • Excavation and Trenching: Soil Classification and Collapses

    Types of Rock and Soil ClassificationsIntroduction to Soil Classification: Osha VideoTypes of Trench CaveInsMore InformationStable Rock“Stable rock” means natural solid mineral matter that can be excavated with vertical sides and remain intact while exposedType A Soil“Type A” means cohesive soils with an unconfined, compressive strength of 15 ton per square foot (tsf) (144 kPa) or greater Examples of cohesive soils are: 1 Clay, 2 Silty clay 3 Sandy clay 4 Clay loam and 5 In some cases, silty clay loam and sandy clay loam Cemented soils such as caliche and hardpan arType B SoilType B Soil can be defined as any of the following: 1 Cohesive soil with an unconfined compressive strength greater than 05 tsf (48 kPa) but less than 15 tsf (144 kPa); or 2 Granular cohesionless soils including: 21 Angular gravel (similar to crushed rock) 22 Silt 23 Silt loam 24 Sandy loam 25 In soSee more on optimumsafetymanagementEstimated Reading Time: 6 mins
  • Excavation and Trenching: Soil Classification and Collapses

    The soil is part of a sloped, layered system where the layers dip into the excavation on a slope of four horizontal to one vertical (4H:1V) or greater; The material is subject to other factors that would require it to be classified as a less stable material Type B Soil Type B Soil

  • Earthwork – Basics for Site Engineer

    Jan 29, 2016  Earthwork in different kinds of soil as ordinary soil, hard soil, ordinary rock, hard rock, etc, shall be classified separately and measured under separate item Excavation shall include throwing of the excavated earth at least one meter clear of the edge of excavation

  • Rate Analysis of Excavation in Earthwork Calculate

    Excavation in earthwork for hard soil/ hard rock for a lead distance of 1km for following depths: a) Up to 15m b) 15m to 3m c) 3m to 45m In the above examples of excavation, more number of descriptions are possible with different lead distance and type of soil During tendering of civil engineering works, all the possible combinations are

  • Chapter 4 Soil and Rock Classification and Logging

    Chapter 4 Soil and Rock Classification and Logging 4 1 Overview The detailed description and classification of soil and rock are an essential part of the geologic interpretation process and the geotechnical information developed to support design and construction The description and classification of soil and rock includes consideration of

  • Specification for Earthwork in Excavation for Foundation

    Excavation Foundation trenches shall be dug out to the exact width of foundation concrete Sides of foundation shall be vertical If the soil is not good and does not permit vertical sides, the sides should be sloped back or protected with timber shoring Excavated earth shall not be placed within 1 meter (3 feet) of the edge of the trench

  • Specifications of excavation and foundation

    Aug 25, 2016  • For hard soils when the depth of excavation is less than 15 m, the sides of the trench do not need any external support If the soil is loose or the excavation is deeper, some sort of shoring is required to support the sides from falling 14 EXCAVATION WORKING PROCEDURE 15

  • Question is ⇒ The expected Out turn for earth work in

    Jegan nathan Said on 20:37:46 sand 4m 3 ordinary soil 3m 3 hard soil 2m 3 rock soil 1m 3

  • The expected out turn for earth work in excavation in

    MCQs: The ground surface slopes 1 in 50 along a proposed railway embankment 150 m in lengthThe height of the embankment at zero chainage is 05 m, the width is 11 m and side slopes 2:1 If the falling gradient of the embankment is 1 in 150, the quantity of the

  • Hard Soil Excavation YouTube

    Oct 06, 2017  About Press Copyright Contact us Creators Advertise Developers Terms Privacy Policy Safety How YouTube works Test new features Press Copyright Contact us Creators

  • Author: Metal Agritech Limited
  • How to Excavation Calculation in Excel Sheet What Is

    • Excavation up to 15 m depth below ground level and depositing excavated material on the ground shall be included in the item of earthwork for various kinds of soil • The extra lift shall be measured in a unit of 15 m or part thereof

  • RATE ANALYSIS OF CONSTRUCTION ITEMS

    Excavation Excavation in Ordinary Soil 500000 cumt 13013 6506400 2 PCC M10 PCC 1:3:6 in foundation / leveling course 40000 cumt 320409 00 3 RCC M20 Rcc M20 (1:15:3) concrete in Ordinary Works 200000 cumt 443600 00 4 Masonry MBK/ VOL1

  • How many hours does it take to manually excavate 1 cubic

    Answer (1 of 4): Excavating a cubic meter of dirt for a footing by hand is a serious job For ordinary soil, that is, soil that isn’t packed hard or full of roots, rocks, or other debris, the 3 to 4 thousand pounds of soil can be removed by a single worker in a few hours There isn’t an exact way

  • TRENCHING SHORING GUIDELINES TAMUC

    Both visual and manual soil testing will be performed by a "competent person" to determine soil type before employees are allowed to enter a trench Protective systems for excavations deeper than 20 ft shall be designed by a registered engineer Excavation beneath the level of adjacent foundations, retaining walls, or other structures

  • The Expected Out Turn For Earth Work In Excavation In

    The expected out turn for earth work in excavation in ordinary soil per workman per day is (A) 100 cum (B) 200 cum (C) 300 cum (D) 400 cum

  • A Guide to OSHA Excavations Standard

    An exception is hard rock, which remains firm after exposure to the elements Soil failure is defined as the collapse of part or all of an excavation wall The most common soil failure is typically described as an unexpected settlement, or cavein, of an excavation Soil sliding is the most common factor leading to soil

  • Types of Excavation Used in Construction (13 Common Types

    Feb 23, 2017  Types of excavation: In engineering and construction, excavation consists of using tools, equipment, or explosives for the purposes of moving soil, rocks, or other materials Excavation is undertaken for a number of purposes, and different types of excavation are classified either by their specific purpose or the type of material being excavated

  • TRENCHING SHORING GUIDELINES TAMUC

    Both visual and manual soil testing will be performed by a "competent person" to determine soil type before employees are allowed to enter a trench Protective systems for excavations deeper than 20 ft shall be designed by a registered engineer Excavation beneath the level of adjacent foundations, retaining walls, or other structures

  • Specifications of excavation and foundation

    Aug 25, 2016  • For hard soils when the depth of excavation is less than 15 m, the sides of the trench do not need any external support If the soil is loose or the excavation is deeper, some sort of shoring is required to support the sides from falling 14 EXCAVATION WORKING PROCEDURE 15

  • 18% GST on earthwork (Excavation in soil, hard rock

    Sep 03, 2019  The scope of work as defined under the agreement includes “Excavation in soil, hard rock excavation, embankment, subgrade, shoulder, median fill etc” Earthwork involves the removal of topsoil, along with any vegetation, before scraping and grading the area to the finished ‘formation level’

  • How many hours does it take to manually excavate 1 cubic

    Answer (1 of 4): Excavating a cubic meter of dirt for a footing by hand is a serious job For ordinary soil, that is, soil that isn’t packed hard or full of roots, rocks, or other debris, the 3 to 4 thousand pounds of soil can be removed by a single worker in a few hours There isn’t an exact way

  • Construction Concepts – This site will take my fellow

    When we talk about earthwork, it involves excavation in All types of ordinary and hard soils; In Soft and decomposed rock; In hard rock (mechanical means / with controlled blasting) In hard rock (with wedging chiseling) With respect to different soil conditions, the rates varies too

  • Soil Properties and the Unified Soil Classification System

    While the soil classification system has evolved over many years, existing soil classifications and descriptions recorded remain valid Therefore, these earlier logs and past descriptions must not be changed to conform to current standards 3 Current Classification System The Unified Soil Classification System has been through several transitions

  • RATE ANALYSIS OF CONSTRUCTION ITEMS

    Excavation Excavation in Ordinary Soil 500000 cumt 13013 6506400 2 PCC M10 PCC 1:3:6 in foundation / leveling course 40000 cumt 320409 00 3 RCC M20 Rcc M20 (1:15:3) concrete in Ordinary Works 200000 cumt 443600 00 4 Masonry MBK/ VOL1

  • Are There Plants For Compacted Soil What To Plant In

    Nov 22, 2020  Instead, this soil may be hard, compacted, claylike and slow to drain You’re left with the choice of amending the soil or planting plants that will grow in hard clay soil Continue reading to learn more about plants for compacted soil Plant Growth in Compacted Soil Many plants are not able to grow in hard, compacted soils These soils do

  • Chapter 5 Engineering Properties of Soil and Rock

    construction materials such as weak rock may lose strength due to weathering within the design life of the embankment These longterm effects shall be considered when selecting properties to use for design 5 4 Methods of Determining Soil and Rock Properties Subsurface soil or rock properties are generally determined using one or more of the

  • Clay Bricks: Types, Properties, Advantages Disadvantages

    These bricks are used in ordinary structures and places where the brick coat provided with a plaster coat 3Third Class Bricks (Grade C): these bricks are very hard These bricks are used in foundations, floors, roads, etc mainly soil excavation, therefore, damages the soil and vegetation, results in soil

  • SBC Of Soil Safe Bearing Capacity Of Soil Minimum SBC

    The SBC of Soil is the maximum loadcarrying capacity of soil per unit area which the soil or rock can carry without yielding or displacement It is a very known fact that all structures whether they are buildings, dams, bridges, etc are built on soils

  • CHAPTER 1 : EARTHWORK

    to be measured from the centre of gravity of excavation to centre of gravity of spoil heap: the lift to be measured from natural ground level and paid for in layers of 15m each, including incidental work, as per specificationsin All kinds of soils cum 8781 Ordinary